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kjy04_20221113B F
400 400 THOMAS
Learning English with Thomas
2022.11.13
Next Friday? Or Friday week?
本周五? 下周五?
Distinguishing the use of Next Friday and Friday Week 如何區分Next Friday 和 Friday week 的用法 T : Thomas  D: David   T : Hello David! How are you? D : Good, but a bit tired; I need to turn in an assignment next Friday. T : Oh, that’s only two days to go. D : No, another week. It’s only Wednesday today. T : But you said next Friday, and that in English means coming Friday. So, you should have said “Friday week” if you referred to the Friday next week. D : Oh, I see. Friday in next week. T : Hang on. This time you went too far. You only needed to say “Friday next week” and not “Friday in next week”. I am a little short on time today, so I’ll talk with you more about how to use the preposition “in” to denote points of time and dates. D : Righto, OK, and thanks again.   T : 嗨,David!你好嗎? D : 一切安好,只是有點累,因為我需要在next Friday完成一份功課。 T : 噢!尚餘兩天而已。 D : 不是,還有一星期。今天只是周三。 T : 但是,你剛才說是「next Friday」。在英語裡,「next Friday」是指即將到來的周五。所以,如果你所指的是下周五,你應該說「Friday week」。 D : 明白了,「Friday in next week」。 T : 等等。今次你有點畫蛇添足, 應該說「Friday next week」而不是「Friday in next week」。今天我趕時間,下次再跟你談談如何運用介詞「in」去指示時間和日期。 D : 好的,再次感謝你。
kjy03b_20200308s
400 400 FAMOUS_SAYING
Stories Behind Popular Sayings
2020.03.06
Leap year
If you have a look at this year's calendar, what date is the last day of February ? It is the 29th of February. While the month of February normally has 28 days, this year's February has 29 days. This extra day is called a leap day and this year, 2020, is called a leap year.  The insertion of this extra day is known as “intercalation”. To simplify the term, scholars use “leap year” because each date on the calendar jumps ahead two days of the week instead of one. For example, Christmas 2018 fell on Tuesday, and last Christmas(2019)fell on Wednesday. This year, Christmas will “leap” over Thursday and fall on Friday.  In astronomy, it takes the earth approximately 365 days and six hours to complete a full orbit around the sun. This is a solar year. That means we need a leap year every four years to synchronise the calendar year with the solar year.  In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII(教宗額我略十三世)set a new formula where a century year is a leap year only if it is divisible by 400. Thus, in the Gregorian calendar,1900 was not a leap year, but 2000 was.  A person born on the 29th February may be called a leap-year baby. It is up to them whether they want to celebrate their birthdays on either the 28th of February or the 1st of March. In legal terms, most countries define that a leap-year baby comes of age on the 1st of March.  Glossary  Leap year  閏年 Insertion  插入 Intercalation  置閏 Astronomy  天文學 Orbit  軌道 Solar year  太陽年 Synchronise  同步 Legal  法律
kjy05b_20190331s
ifyouwere
If you were...
2019.03.29
What would you do if you were Etienne?
Etienne is so lucky to have a grannie who loves cooking for the family. Cooking is considered her only chore(家務)and joy. She spends the whole morning roaming(漫步)around the market thinking of new dishes to please everyone. More, she particularly focuses on Eitenne’s appetite(口味)because he is her only grandson. Seeing this grandson enjoys her food, Grannie smiles from within.  Etienne has been refraining(戒除)from taking (吃)meat every Friday since Lent(四旬期), but doing so upsets his grannie, who is also a Catholic. This is only the fourth week and there are a couple more to go before Easter. At first, Etienne did not notice Grannie’s concern(憂慮)until she verbally raised her worry. She finds it hard to believe that vegetarians(素食者)can also have a balanced diet(均衡飲食), no matter how Etienne’s parents keep convincing(說服)her. She is most worried about her grandson because he is not yet an adult and not taking meat for a whole day will affect his health badly(嚴重地).   What would you do if you were Etienne?    I’d try to dig out some more information to convince my grandmother my simple abstinence(齋戒)would not affect my health. I’d tell her to put more trust in God for if we sacrifice for Him, He would protect us.  If my act would make my grandmother upset and worried, I could always fast on other things to make up as a penance(自我克己)in Lent. I could fast in many things such as gossiping(閒話), grumbling(抱怨), gaming(打機), eating chocolates, or even getting off one stop before my usual bus stop… I’d believe God would just be as pleased and at the same time, my grandmother would be a happier person too.   
kjy05b_20190317s
ifyouwere
If you were...
2019.03.15
What would you do if you were Dwight?
Dwight is a devoted(虔誠)Catholic. Lent(四旬期)means a lot to him. During the 40 days before Easter, he usually observes abstinence(克己)to repay(報答). Jesus for His suffering. As a sacrifice, he prefers to start with his eating habit since he is such a food lover. One Lent, he decided not to take any food or drinks in between meals. Another Lent, he stayed away from all snacks and candies; having a sweet tooth, this is really not easy for him. This year he responses to Our Lady’s invitation to have only bread and water on both Wednesday and Friday. Dwight did some research on the rationale(依據)behind this fasting idea. Wednesday is for the remembrance(紀念)of Christ's betrayal(出賣)while Friday, remembrance of His Crucifixion. Dwight has deep affection(情)for this act(行為).  Yet, fasting on two days in a week has been quite obvious(太明顯)because Dwight is going out for lunch with classmates. He has been asked numerous(無數)times about his bread and water diet. Oh dear, this is only the second week of Lent. On one hand, the Bible teaches that there is no need to tell anyone when one is doing good, otherwise it will be like the hypocritical(偽善)manner of the Pharisees(法利賽人). On the other hand, Dwight doesn’t want to lie about his act.  What would you do if you were Dwight?  I’d tell my friends why I would fast on Wednesday and Friday humbly, not trying to show off. If they like the idea, they could join me as well. If they could not share my feeling and find me funny, I’d ignore whatever they say and keep it my way. God would be glad if I insist even if my peers laugh at me.  I’d tell them because of Lent, I would not go out for lunch with friends. I could prepare my own bread and water at home and leave some time for prayers instead of going out. This could be easier for my friends to comprehend(理解) .This way I would not have to explain anything to do with fasting as that might frighten people away from being Catholics.