400 400 THOMAS
Learning English with Thomas
Will or Shall?
幾時用will? 幾時用 shall?
Knowing the principle of using shall and will correctly  認識Will 和 Shall 的使用原則 T: Thomas, F: Freddy   T: Freddy, are you OK? You do look pale! F: No, not really. I think I have a bad cold. I will see the doctor soon.   T: What do you mean by “soon”? The cold will not go away like that, you know? F: I am not too sure about that. Colds shall come and colds shall go, what miracles can doctors perform to change the will of nature.   T: In that case, you are not going to see the doctor, or are you? F: I shall wait for a couple of days more and see what will happen.   T: I see. So you will not go to see the doctor, after all, as you imply only if the cold won’t go away, then you will see the doctor. Is that it? F: You just read my mind, Thomas. I shall then let it be. Thanks so much for caring for me!   T: Take good care of yourself then (giving Freddy’s left shoulder a mild pat).   T: Freddy,你還好嗎?你臉色看起來很蒼白! F: 不太好。我想我得了重感冒。我很快就會去看醫生。   T: 你說「很快」是甚麼意思?感冒不會這樣消失的,你知道嗎? F: 我不太確定。感冒話來就來,話走就走,醫生能創造出甚麼奇蹟來改變自然的意向。   T: 言下之意,你不會去看醫生了,是嗎? F: 我會再等幾天,看看有甚麼事情會發生。   T: 我明白了。所以你不會去看醫生,畢竟,正如你所暗示,假如數天後仍有感冒,你才會去看醫生。是嗎? F: 你真的明白我的想法,Thomas。我會順其自然的。非常感謝您對我的關心!   T: 你好好保重身體。(Thomas輕拍了一下Freddy的肩膀)  
400 400 THOMAS
Learning English with Thomas
How much do you know about “subject-verb agreement”?
Basic principle of subject-verb agreement 注意英文文法「主謂一致」(subject-verb agreement)的基本原則   T: Thomas   L: Lawrence   T: Hi Lawrence! Are you OK? You do look troubled. L: See … This sign reads: “No conveyance of goods on passenger lifts are allowed”. I felt there’s something wrong with this sign, and yet I can’t tell where the mistake is made?   T: It’s basically subject-verb agreement. The mistake is caused by mistaking the plural form of part of the subject, and not the basic part of the subject to be the subject. The subject of this sentence is “conveyance of goods on passenger lifts” and it is in the singular, as the word “conveyance” is singular in number. L: This is an area I never get clear about.   T: The mistake is caused by taking the last phrase “passenger lifts” as the determining part of the subject, and as this is in the plural, so the writer puts in a plural verb, for “conveyance”, which is a singular noun. Mistakes like these are made over and over again by students writing sentences beginning with “One of the reasons are that ……”; “One of them/us” have been invited”, and so on. All these are examples of mistakes in subject-verb agreement. L: From now on I will avoid making mistakes in this area.     T: 嗨 Lawrence!你還好嗎?你看起來很困擾。 L: 看……這告示寫著:「不允許在乘客升降機上落貨」。我覺得這告示有些不妥當的地方,不過說不出它錯在哪裡?   T: 這是「主謂不一致」問題。該錯誤是將主語部分的複數形式誤認為是主語,其實它不是主語的基本部分。這句子的主語是在乘客升降機上落貨,在英文文法上屬單數,因為「conveyance」這英文字在數量上是單數。 L: 這是我一直弄不清的地方。   T: 錯誤在於作者誤把最後的詞語「乘客升降機」視為主語的決定性部分,由於這個詞語是複數形式,所以作者用了複數動詞去搭配單數名詞「落貨」。這是學生英文寫作時經常重犯的錯誤, 比如「One of the reasons are that ……」;「One of them╱us」have been invited等等,都是「主謂不一致」的例子。 L: 今後我會盡量避免出現這方面的錯誤了。    
400 400 THOMAS
Learning English with Thomas
Put off or Call off ?
Synonym— let's begin with phrasal verbs 認識同義詞 —— 由英文片語談起 T:Thomas,F:Freddy   T: Hello Freddy, it’s about time to call a meeting with our colleagues next Friday. F: Oh, sorry. I’ve been busy with other things, other more pressing matters. Can we put off the meeting for another week? Or simply call it off?   T: You mean, postpone the meeting, or even cancel it? F: Yes, yes, that’s what I mean. What do you think?   T: Well, we do need to meet. I can’t go along with your suggestion to call it off, cancelling it. We need to meet. F: Well then, would you go for putting it off?   T: OK. Let’s postpone it for a week. That is, we’ll meet Friday week.   T: 哈囉Freddy,差不多時候跟我們的同事在下週五召開會議。 F: 哦,對不起。我一直忙於處理其他更緊迫的事情。我們可以將會議再推遲 (put off)一週嗎﹖或是乾脆取消(call off)?   T: 你的意思是,推遲(postpone) 會議,甚至取消(cancel)會議? F: 是的,是的,這就是我的意思。你認為怎麼?   T: 我們確實需要開會。我不贊同你取消(call off / cancel)會議的建議。我們是需要開會的。 F: 那麼,你會推遲(put off)會議嗎?   T: 好的。讓我們推遲(postpone) 一週吧。也就是說,我們在週五見面。  
400 400 THOMAS
Learning English with Thomas
Did you make your bed ?
Six pharsal verbs with “Make” 活學活用6 組跟make 有關的英文片語 T: Thomas, K: Kitty   K: Hi Thomas! I had a very cheerful exchange with my mom this morning. T: Ah yes? You wouldn’t mind telling me about it?   K: Certainly not. I was about to leave home for school, when my mom stopped me just in front of the main door, asking, “Did you make your bed this morning? I am sure you didn’t, as always. You really must change this bad habit.” T: I see, but did you or didn’t you?   K:That’s exactly the point. For a change, this morning I did, and so I said to her, “Mom, I did. I made my bed.” But she went on saying, “I don’t believe you. Don’t make up a story about it.” Then I had to say, with some tenderness, “Mom, I really did. I was thinking, I should make it up for all my faults up to now, and so I made up my mind … Hmm … From now on I’ll be a good girl. I’ll make my bed and make good every bad habit I had” T: I am so impressed, Kitty! Make haste now. Time is running out for your school. It’s almost eight!   K: Right. See you, Thomas.   K: 嗨Thomas!今天早上我和媽媽聊天,非常愉快。 T: 是啊?你介意跟我分享嗎?   K: 當然不介意。我正要出門去上學,媽媽在大門前攔住了我,問:「你今天早上鋪好床(make your bed)了嗎?我相信你沒有,一如以往。你真的必須改變這個壞習慣。」 T: 我明白了,究竟你做了,還是沒有?   K: 這就是重點。為了改變一下,今天早上我做了(即鋪好床),我對她說,「媽媽,我做了。我整理了我的床(made my bed)。但是,她繼續說:「我不相信你。不要為此編造故事(make up a story)。」然後我不得不溫柔地說:「媽媽,我真的做好了。那時我在想,我應該彌補(make it up)我犯下的錯誤,所以我下定決心(make up my mind)……嗯……從今以後我要做一個好女孩。我會整理床鋪,改掉(make good)我的每一個壞習慣。」 T: Kitty,妳令我刮目相看!趕快行動(make haste)吧。時間不早了,趕快上學去。快8點了!   K: 對。再見,Thomas。