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今期專欄 2023.02.05 第17期

kjy04_20230205 B_fade
400 400 THOMAS
Learning English with Thomas
2023.02.05
What’s up with “up” 不是亂「up」
Know English Phrasal Verbs, beginning with “up” 認識英文片語 ——由「up」字談起 T : ThomasC     C : Clement   T: Good morning Clement! How are you? C: Oh, sorry Thomas Sir. I didn’t see you. I was thinking about something.   T: What seems to be the problem, young man? C: It’s just some comments from a teacher regarding my essay. I don’t quite understand what these two phrasal verbs mean.     Let me show you… (Both glancing at margin comments) …   T: Ah right. You are advised to “beef up your arguments” and “brush up your grammar”.    OK, the first one means that you’ll need to strengthen the way you present your argumentation,    and the second one advises you to do more revision in English grammar; there is still a lot you’ll need to improve. C: I see. There are quite a lot of such combinations of verbs with prepositions, right?   T: There certainly are, and we can think of : “break up” (a relationship); “bring up” (a topic for discussion); “look up” (the dictionary); and so on. C: Thanks so much, Thomas Sir. I’ve got to go now. Tell me more next time.   T: 早晨,Clement!你好嗎? C: 噢,不好意思,Thomas老師。剛才看不到你。我剛才想著一些事。   T: 年輕人,你看似有些煩惱。 C: 昨天英文老師派回作文,寫下一些評語。當中有兩個英文片語,我不太明白。我想給你看看……(兩人都望向旁邊的評語)。   T: 好的。老師建議你「beef up your arguments」和「brush up your grammar」。前者意味著你需要強化你的論點,     後者建議你在文法方面需要多加複習,仍有不少地方需要改進。 C: 原來如此。看來有很多這樣的動詞與介詞的組合,對吧?   T: 肯定有,我們會想起:「break up」(a relationship)(分手);「bring up」(a topic for discussion)(提出一個課題作討論);   「look up」(the dictionary)(查字典) 等等。 C: 十分感謝你,Thomas老師。我現在要走了。下次再多加指點。