I only know that I know nothing. — Socrates | 我只知道自己無知。──蘇格拉底 | jy.catholic.org.hk

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I only know that I know nothing. — Socrates | 我只知道自己無知。──蘇格拉底

刊登日期: 2013.06.29
作者: Grace Tse  

 

 Socrates was a famous philosopher and teacher in ancient Greece. While many teachers of his time told students directly the facts and information, Socrates wanted his students to question things. “What is wisdom?” “Is our government good?” “Why do you think that it is the right thing to do?” This teaching method, which has become the well-known “Socratic Method”, is the oldest but still the most powerful teaching technique to foster critical thinking. 

Socrates was born approximately in 469 BC. He never wrote anything. We learned about him through the writings of his student, Plato, who was also a Greek philosopher. 

As an adult, Socrates was a stone-cutter and then served in the army. When he grew older, he spent most of his time discussing all sorts of things in the marketplace in Athens. He challenged people to think better by showing them the problems in their logic. Eventually, he had a group of young students who wanted to learn from him. He taught them without charging any fee. Socrates was poor and hated wealth, which he thought would corrupt people. 

In 399 BC, some of the people of Athens were angry at Socrates for the way he was teaching young people. They accused him of disrespecting the gods of Greek belief and corrupting the youth. He was convicted and sentenced to death. He thought that it was morally right to defend his principles and did not escape from the prison as suggested by his friend. So when the guards gave him a cup of poison, he drank it and died. 

Glossary

 

 Greece: 希臘

Critical thinking: 思辯能力

Plato: 柏拉圖

Athens: 雅典

Logic: 邏輯

Corrupt: 敗壞

Disrespecting the gods: 不尊敬神

 

 

Poison: 毒藥

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