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Non-violence is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. — Anne Mahatma Gandhi | 非暴力是人類可以使用的最强大力量。──聖雄甘地刊登日期: 2013.06.09
作者: Grace Tse
Have you ever seen this image of a skinny, bald man wearing round-rimmed glasses and a simple white wrap? His name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869 - 1948) and he is commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi. “Mahatma” means “Great Soul”. Despite his frail look, he is one of the most respected leaders for justice in the world.
Gandhi was born to an upper class family in India, which was a British colony. Later he studied law in London and then took a job in South Africa. At the time, the British controlled South Africa. Gandhi experienced racial discrimination against Indian workers there. Once during a train trip, he was thrown off a train for trying to ride in the first-class carriage, though he had a first-class ticket. He then began his work to obtain civil rights for Indians. Do you know what new methods he developed to fight for his political and social goals? He used the principles of non-violent civil disobedience. His method has been followed by many important civil rights leaders.
Later he returned to India and led the campaign for Indian independence from Britain. Gandhi was put in prison several times and often fasted. Within fifteen years he became the leader of the Indian nationalist movement. Finally India gained independence on 15th August 1947 from the British. Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu nationalist on January 30, 1948.
Gandhi is known in India as the “Father of the Nation”. His birthday is a national holiday there.
Racial discrimination: 種族歧視
Civil disobedience: 公民抗命
Civil rights: 民權
Indian independence: 印度獨立
Nationalist movement: 民族運動
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