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Holy Trinity

刊登日期: 2013.05.26
作者: Fr. Thomas Au 區耀邦神父  

In the beginning was the Word… And the Word was God. (Jn. 1:1) 

And the Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. (Jn. 1:14) 

The Father and I are one. (Jn. 10:30) 

The Holy Spirit that the Father will send in my name… (Jn. 14:26) 

Following the Feast of Pentecost, the Church highlights the first of the central teachings of the Church, the Holy Trinity. Historically, it took the Church almost four hundred years to clarify the doctrine. 

F i r s t , the divinity of Christ was addressed. Is Jesus God, or is He God looking like a man, or a man having the supernatural powers of God? After much studying, the Church professed that Jesus is truly God and truly man. Mary was given the title “Mother of God” to emphasize that her son, Jesus, is truly God. It does not in any way give her divinity. But the second person of the Holy Trinity took on human nature in her. 

Then the Church focused on the relationship between the Father and the Son, followed by the nature of the Holy Spirit and the relationship with the Father and the Son. It is in this background that the term Trinity, three in one, was introduced. This one word replaced the tedious and cumbersome sentence of One God in three distinct Persons, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, consubstantial, yet one eternal God head……. 

Now, you may ask why the Church talks this way? The answer is simple. God revealed it and we have to try to digest it. This doctrine distinguished Christianity from all other religious. This is not just to be difficult. One may ask why soccer is different from basketball, aren’t they the same, both playing with a round ball? You see what I mean? 

Then, you may ask how important is this Trinity? 

There are two good reasons: 

1. It is important because it is about God Himself. He chose to show us who He is. This makes it very personal. Unlike other religions where the gods are just merely gods and have no connection with us mortals, Christianity believes that God wants us to know Him as He is. It may be difficult for us as creatures, yet God respects us enough to introduce Himself to us. He does not think less of us or looks down on us as unfitting of His Love. (Contrast this with Islam where they think we are insulting God by calling Him Father.) 

2. In the Mystery of the Trinity, God shows that the Love relationship comes originally from Him. God is not a “One” who has no one equal in dignity to love. And in creating us in His image, our highest calling is to love, as He loves, others of equal dignity. 

These are not abstract thoughts. These are also the most important thoughts of life. It is the confusion and ignorance of these thoughts that make the world so chaotic all through human history. Yet, at times, there are glimpses of brilliance when individuals exhibit the power of this love. We have seen them whenever we look at the life of a particular saint. Some of these saints stopped the world in her tracks, not just Christians. Look at what Mother Teresa did in a Hindu world! St. Francis still moves atheists to humanitarian efforts. 

So even though we may not grasp what the Holy Trinity is really about and even though we may not be able to explain how the Holy Trinity affects our day to day lives, but because God revealed it, I trust that He is Trinitarian. And because of it, I believe I am a more complete person. 


Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit… 

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