The man who dies rich, dies disgraced. — Andrew Carnegie | 死時富有的人,死得可恥。──安德魯.卡內基 |

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The man who dies rich, dies disgraced. — Andrew Carnegie | 死時富有的人,死得可恥。──安德魯.卡內基

刊登日期: 2013.05.19
作者: Grace Tse  

Can you imagine that one day you might be the richest person in the world? What would you plan to do with your money when you die? Most people leave their fortune to their family. However, Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919), an industrialist and millionaire, gave away his fortune and used his money to help others help themselves. 

The life of Scottish-born Carnegie was a rags-to-riches story. His parents were poor. To escape poverty, the family emigrated to the USA when he was a teenager. His first job was as a bobbin boy in a cotton factory. Later he worked on a s e r i e s o f r a ilway jobs. Although he had l i t t l e formal education, he spent his spare time reading at a small local library. 


While working for the railroad, Carnegie made profitable investments in some businesses. When he was in his early thirties, he had become a wealthy businessman. He then built and grew the Carnegie Steel Company, the largest of its kind in the world at that time. 

When he was in his mid-sixties, he decided to become a philanthropist. As he argued in his famous writing "The Gospel of Wealth" (《財富的福音》), rich people must be socially responsible and use their wealth to help others. Who will you help if you become rich one day? Carnegie is best known for establishing free public libraries throughout the USA, Britain and Canada. In addition, he helped to establish numerous schools, colleges, schools, and institutions for higher learning. He also funded research in science, education, and world peace. 




Industrialist: 工業家

Millionaire: 百萬富翁

Rags-to-riches: 白手興家

Bobbin boy: 線軸工

Philanthropist: 慈善家

Socially responsible: 負起社會責任

Institutions for higher learning: 高等教育學府

Research: 研究



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