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government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth – American President Lincoln 民有、民治、民享的政府當永世長存 – 美國總統林肯刊登日期: 2013.02.24
作者: Grace Tse
government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth
– American President Lincoln
民有、民治、民享的政府當永世長存 – 美國總統林肯
Do you find this quotation very familiar? These are the closing words of the Gettysburg Address made by the American President Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on the 19th of November, 1863. In other words, this year, 2013, will mark the 150th anniversary of the speech. Lincoln delivered the speech during the American Civil War.
In his speech, Lincoln wanted to stress that all people are created equal and should enjoy our God-given right to liberty. He also expressed that democracy would remain a viable form of government and that government’s rights were no longer superior to people’s rights, when he ended his address with these famous words: “… government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish.” This use of the “of/ by/for the people” formula has become one of the most famous definitions of democracy in history.
Dr Sun Ya t - s e n once t r a n s l a t e d t h i s phrase i n t o Chinese, 民有、民治、民享. Inspired by this phrase, Sun Yat-sen developed a political philosophy to make China a free, prosperous and powerful nation. What was it? It was the “Three Principles of the People”, namely nationalism, democracy and the people’s livelihood.
Recently a new film “Lincoln” has been released and has received widespread critical acclaim. The film is about the commitment Lincoln makes to end the Civil War, unite the country and abolish slavery.
Gettysburg Address : 葛底斯堡演說
American Civil War : 美國內戰
God-given right to liberty : 天主賜予的自由權利
Democracy : 民主
Sun Yat-sen : 孫中山
Political philosophy : 政治思想
Three Principles of the People : 三民主義
Slavery : 奴隸制度//php print_r($node); ?>